Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea, in the region of Dalmatia. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva County. Its total population is arround 43,000. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
History of Dubrovnik, the city, and later a small state, according to the legends and chronicles, starts from the moment when it was founded by refugees from Roman town Epidaurum, today’s Cavtat. Fleeing from the Slavs and Avars they have on a deserted cliff, actually a small island, founded a village in 7th century and named it Laus, which in Greek means rock. From that name it goes back to the later names: Raus – Rausium – Ragusium. On the other side of the coast, at the foothill of the hill called Srđ, there were rich and dense oak forests. As the Slavs called oak dub and oak forest dubrava, the city got its today name, Dubrovnik.
The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik was historically based on maritime trade. As the capital of the Republic of Ragusa, a maritime republic, the city achieved a high level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Dubrovnik became notable for its wealth and skilled diplomacy. Dubrovnik was one of the centers of the development of the Croatian language and literature, home to many notable Croatian poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.
Today, Dubrovnik is a real pearl of the Mediterranean and a place that tourists just love! They have a reason why, because it is a city with rich history and beautiful beaches on which you can relax before nighttime’s throng. Monumental walls are long over a mile away, in the Dubrovnik Republic was created the oldest document on maritime law in the world and the oldest European legislation on maritime security, and there is also the oldest European pharmacy that is constantly used in the pharmaceutical purposes.
Dubrovnik – a destination where everybody comes back!